N i n e t e e n

19 - Nineteen - 19

By Andrew Harris 20 September 1999 ©

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Introduction

Nineteen is 10 + 9 and would thus indicate judgment with perfect order or perfect judgment. However since it is not to be regarded as one of the perfect numbers (3, 7, 10, 12) let us say Gods judgment.

The first time the Hebrew word for beget, or to bear as in childbirth is used is in the following verse.

Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

Genesis 3:16

It occurs in connection with Gods judgment or punishment for Adam and Eve's sin in the garden of Eden. It is interesting then to note that it is used 171 times in Genesis. 171 = 9 x 19, judgment and Gods judgment. Further, due to repeat use in various verses it appears in 133 verses in Genesis, 133 = 7 x 19.

16And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Genesis 2:16-17

The Nineteenth Chapter of the Bible

Genesis 19 is the story of the two angels which went to Sodom, they rescued lot and executed God's judgment against the cities. Sodom and Gomorrah are destroyed in this chapter. Reading this chapter it is seen that "the cry of them had waxed great before the Lord". So he had sent two angels to destroy the cities, but once they got there the people wanted to do even more wickedly. The angels had to strike the people with blindness just to preserve Lots life. Also note that this chapter contains 38 verses, 38 = 2 x 19. Further, the city of Gomorrah is mentioned exactly nineteen times in the Old Testament (see below). Also Sodom is mentioned by name 39 times in the Old Testament, however it occurs in 38 verses (=2 x 19). Thus in the use of the names of these two cities we have nineteens occurring.

It is also interesting the in verse nine when the people of Sodom accuse Lot of judging them, the word judge is the ninth word in the verse (in the Hebrew).

The Nineteenth Book of the Bible

According to the Authorized Version (AV) the nineteenth book would be Psalms. However Panin(1) points out that the order of the books was different in the original Hebrew. In the original arangement the Old Testament is arranged into three sections. Firstly the five books of the Law, in the same order as the AV. Secondly the prophets, starting with Joshua then Judges, the same as the AV, However Ruth is skipped, then 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, then all of the major then minor prophets. Thirdly the Holy Writings, starting with Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiasties, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah and finishing with 1 and 2 Chronicles. It would appear that Jesus Himself referred to this Hebrew arrangement of the book.

And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

Luke 24:44

Psalms being the first book of the third section of the Old Testament. It would thus appear that the very words of our Lord support the use of the original order of the books. If this order is reckoned, then the nineteenth book of the Bible is Jonah. In this book Jonah is told by the Lord to go and preach to the wicked city of Ninevah, that they must repent of be destroyed. This book suitably typifies the theme of the number nineteen, Gods judgment. It is also interesting to note that in the Hebrew, Jonah's name is used in the Old Testament exactly nineteen times (see below, words used nineteen times in the Bible).

Words Used Nineteen Times

Guilt

The Hebrew word hm;v]a' ash-maw’, meaning guiltiness, guilt, offense, sin or wrong-doing, is used exactly 19 times in the Old Testament(2). The first time it is used is in Leviticus where the laws for sin offerings are being given.

if the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer to the Lord for his sin which he has sinned a young bull without blemish as a sin offering.

Leviticus 4:3 (NKJV)

This is an important point of law. Since the high priest represented the people before God, his sin brought guilt upon the people. Until the high priest's sin was atoned for, the peoples most important intermediary between them and God was set aside and made of no effect. It may also be worth mentioning that according to the Nelson Study Bible, a young bull was the most expensive sacrifice required for the purification offering. Clearly, this was at least one way in which the law brought forth sin.

19For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. 20Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

Romans 5:19-20

Praise the Lord that the Old is done away with and we are no more subject to sin brought upon us by others. By using this word exactly nineteen times we can clearly see the "awesome nature of sin", and thus the even more awesome nature of the grace and love of God toward us.

Lawgiver

The Hebrew word qq'j; khaw-kak’, meaning to cut out, inscribe, set, engrave, portray, thus by implication to decree, govern, enact, one who decrees, lawgiver (participle), something decreed, or the law (participle). It is never used (in the Bible) to mean any engraving or inscription, but always, specifically a decree or law or the lawgiver. This word is used exactly nineteen times in the Old Testament(3). The first time this word is used is in Genesis 49, where Jacob is blessing his sons.

The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

Genesis 49:10

Here is the promise that there would always be a lawgiver in the tribe of Judah. This word Shiloh is a Hebrew word that is only used this one time in the Bible. It's meaning is somewhat uncertain but is along the lines of, "He who's it is". Thus the scepter of rulership will remain in the tribe of Judah until the owner of the scepter comes to claim it. This is of course speaking of Jesus's second coming where will return as king.

Jonah

In the Hebrew the name of Jonah is hn:wyś yo-naw’, which means a dove. This Hebrew name occurs exactly nineteen times in the Bible(4), always referring to the prophet Jonah, who was three days and nights in the belly of the big fish. The first time wee see his name is the only time it occurs outside the book of Jonah itself.

He [King Amaziah] restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher.

2 Kings 14:25

We thus see that Jonah did more than just what is mentioned in the book of Jonah. In addition to his one time adventure with the big fish, and his preaching unto Nineveh, he was a prophet and servant of the Lord more generally. All other eighteen occurrences of his name are in the book of Jonah.

Gomorrah

The name of the city Gomorrah in the Hebrew is hr;mo[} am-o-raw’, which means submersion. This word is only found nineteen times in the Bible(5). We have already seen how it was in chapter nineteen of Genesis that the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were judged by God. The first time this name is used is in Genesis chapter ten and verse nineteen, what a nice coincidence!

And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.

Genesis 10:19

This verse is describing the boundaries of the land of Canaan. The previous verses describe the descendants of the man Canaan who lived in this land. Among them were the Amorites and the Jebusites (v16). This is a nation that also fell to the Lords judgment in due course. We are told that it was not until the sin of those in Canaan had come to fullness that the nation of Israel was sent in to destroy them and possess the land.

13And He said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 14And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. 15And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. 16But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Genesis 15:13-16

Condemn

The Greek word katakrinw kat-ak-ree’-no, means to give judgment against, to judge worthy of punishment, to condemn or by one’s good example to render another’s wickedness the more evident and censurable. This word occurs exactly nineteen times in the New Testament(6). It is derived from two other Greek words, Kata - according to and Krino - judgement. This second word krinw kree’-no, occurs 114 times in the New Testament (= 6 x 19)(7).

The first time, in fact the first two times, this word "condemn" is used is where Jesus is talking about the Scribes and the Pharisees who would not believe what he was saying.

41The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. 42The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.

Matthew 12:41-42

Which clearly shows us the serious nature of the consequences (Gods judgment) of not heeding the Word of God when it is presented to us.

Footnotes

1

Ivan Panin, Verbal Inspiration of the Bible Scientifically Demonstrated. Booklet, with introduction by A.B. King et.al., p35.

2

The complete listing is:
Le 4:3, Le 6:5, Le 6:7, Le 22:16, 1Ch 21:3, 2Ch 24:18, 2Ch 28:10, 2Ch 28:13(thrice), 2Ch 33:23, Ezr 9:6, Ezr 9:7, Ezr 9:13, Ezr 9:15, Ezr 10:10, Ezr 10:19, Ps 69:5, Am 8:14.

3

The complete listing is:
Ge 49:10, Nu 21:18, Dt 33:21, Jdg 5:9, Jdg 5:14, Job 19:23, Ps 60:7, Ps 108:8, Pr 8:15, Pr 8:27, Pr 8:29, Pr 31:5, Is 10:1, Is 22:16, Is 30:8, Is 33:22, Is 49:16, Eze 4:1, Eze 23:14.

4

The complete listing is:
2Ki 14:25, Jon 1:1, Jon 1:3, Jon 1:5, Jon 1:7, Jon 1:15, Jon 1:17(twice), Jon 2:1, Jon 2:10, Jon 3:1, Jon 3:3, Jon 3:4, Jon 4:1, Jon 4:5, Jon 4:6(twice), Jon 4:8, Jon 4:9.

5

The complete listing is:
Ge 10:19, Ge 13:10, Ge 14:2, Ge 14:8, Ge 14:10, Ge 14:11, Ge 18:20, Ge 19:24, Ge 19:28, Dt 29:23, Dt 32:32, Is 1:9, Is 1:10, Is 13:19, Je 23:14, Je 49:18, Je 50:40, Am 4:11, Zep 2:9.

6

The complete listing is:
Mt 12:41, Mt 12:42, Mt 20:18, Mt 27:3, Mk 10:33, Mk 14:64, Mk 16:16, Lk 11:31, Lk 11:32, Jn 8:10, Jn 8:11, Ro 2:1, Ro 8:3, Ro 8:34, Ro 14:23, 1Co 11:32, Heb 11:7, Jas 5:9, 2Pe 2:6.

7

The complete listing is:
Mt 5:40, Mt 7:1(twice), Mt 7:2(twice), Mt 19:28, Lk 6:37(twice), Lk 7:43, Lk 12:57, Lk 19:22, Lk 22:30, Jn 3:17, Jn 3:18(twice), Jn 5:22, Jn 5:30, Jn 7:24(twice), Jn 7:51, Jn 7:51, Jn 8:15(twice), Jn 8:16, Jn 8:26, Jn 8:50, Jn 12:47(twice), Jn 12:48(twice), Jn 16:11, Jn 18:31, Ac 3:13, Ac 4:19, Ac 7:7, Ac 13:27, Ac 13:46, Ac 15:19, Ac 16:4, Ac 16:15, Ac 17:31, Ac 20:16, Ac 21:25, Ac 23:3, Ac 23:6, Ac 24:6, Ac 24:21, Ac 25:9, Ac 25:10, Ac 25:20, Ac 25:25, Ac 26:6, Ac 26:8, Ac 27:1, Ro 2:1(thrice), Ro 2:3, Ro 2:12, Ro 2:16, Ro 2:27, Ro 3:4, Ro 3:6, Ro 3:7, Ro 14:3, Ro 14:4, Ro 14:5(twice), Ro 14:10, Ro 14:13(twice), Ro 14:22, 1Co 2:2, 1Co 4:5, 1Co 5:3, 1Co 5:12(twice), 1Co 5:13, 1Co 6:1, 1Co 6:2(twice), 1Co 6:3, 1Co 6:6, 1Co 7:37, 1Co 10:15, 1Co 10:29, 1Co 11:13, 1Co 11:32, 2Co 2:1, 2Co 5:14, Col 2:16, 2Th 2:12, 2Ti 4:1, Tit 3:12, Heb 10:30, Heb 13:4, Jas 2:12, Jas 4:11(thrice), Jas 4:12, 1Pe 1:17, 1Pe 2:23, 1Pe 4:5, 1Pe 4:6, Re 6:10, Re 11:18, Re 16:5, Re 18:8, Re 18:20, Re 19:2, Re 19:11, Re 20:12, Re 20:13, .

Where to go from here

The symbolism of the number twenty.

Symbolic meanings of the numbers.

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